Corpus Christi is a religious Christian festival celebrated on Thursday June 11th. The festival is mainly celebrated by Catholics and takes place either in late May or early June on the first Thursday after Trinity Sunday (60 days after Easter). Many Christians in the United States, especially those of the Catholic faith, celebrate Corpus Christi out of appreciation for the Holy Eucharist. It is also called the Feast of Corpus Christi or the Feast of the Most Holy Body of Christ or Corpus Christi or the Day of Wreaths.
What is Corpus Christi?
Corpus Christi is a Christian festival that is celebrated every year on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday to celebrate the Last Supper of Jesus Christ and his twelve apostles before his crucifixion on Maundy Thursday (Maundy Thursday). Due to the solemn atmosphere of Holy Week, Maundy Thursday, which leads to Good Friday, does not take into account the breathtaking unfolding of festivals.
Corpus Christ is Latin for “body of Christ” and is particularly praised by those of the Catholic faith, while most Protestant denominations do not attend the festival. It is a moving festival that relies on the date of Easter and can take place as early as May 21st or June 24th.
Corpus Christi is a holiday in numerous nations (or parts of nations) with a predominantly Catholic population. In countries where Corpus Christi is certainly not a public holiday, the festival is regularly celebrated on the following Sunday.
Corpus Christi, which means “the body of Christ” in Latin, praises the transubstantiation of bread and wine into the actual body of Christ during mass. In certain nations the festival is celebrated in mass, but they also run the alleys with the blessed waffle as a public show that the sacrifice of Christ was for the salvation of the whole world.
The practice is less common in the UK than elsewhere, but it currently occurs when the wafer is carried out of church on a “monstrance” and protected from the sun by a canopy.
The Church of England celebrates the festival on this day, but is known as the Thanksgiving Day for the institution of Holy Communion. It is basically a celebration of the way the body and blood of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, are available in bread and wine during the Eucharist – a reenactment of the Last Supper, the last supper with which Jesus Christ shared his Pendant. A similar type of celebration takes place on Maundy Thursday during Easter Week, which is considered a solemn, gloomy time for the Church. Interestingly, Corpus Christi allows the Church to emphasize the joy in the establishment of the Eucharist.
Corpus Christi is a public holiday in: Brazil, parts of Germany, parts of Spain and Switzerland, Austria, Bolivia, Portugal, Grenada, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Peru, Poland, Colombia, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Haiti, East Timor, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Panama, San Marino, St. Lucia and Trinidad and Tobago. The feast of Corpus Christi was stifled in Protestant churches during the Reformation, and as a result, most Protestants do not attend or celebrate the feast.
History of Corpus Christi
The development of Corpus Christi as a Christian festival did not take place until the second half of the 13th century with the efforts of a nun named Juliana von Liège.
Since childhood Juliana had claimed that God had revealed to her that there should be a feast day for the Eucharist, and finally she appealed to the Bishop of Liege. In those days bishops could order feasts in their nearby dioceses. The bishop approved the feast and gathered a congregation in 1246 and ordered that a Corpus Christi celebration should take place every year.
The celebration of Corpus Christi began on a broad front after both Juliana and the bishop died. In 1264 Pope Urban IV gave Transiturus to the papal bull, in which Corpus Christi was celebrated throughout the entire Latin rite.
Corpus Christi is essentially a Roman Catholic festival, but it is also recognized on the calendar of some Anglican churches, notably the Church of England. It is also celebrated by some Orthodox Christians of the Western rite. In many parts of medieval Europe, Corpus Christi was a popular time for the performance of puzzle games.
In addition to Lent, Advent, Easter, Pentecost and Christmas, Roman Catholic bishops must be available in their church buildings on Corpus Christi.
In Valencia, Spain, Corpus Christi is one of the most significant celebrations. It was celebrated for the first time in 1335 and continuously since 1372. The celebration takes place in the city of Valencia on the eighth Sunday after Easter Sunday and is rich in symbols and depictions of the mystery of life.